Louis Andriessen was born on June 6, 1939, right into a Roman Catholic household in Utrecht, the Netherlands. His father, Hendrik Franciscus Andriessen, was a composer and organist who grew to become the director of the Royal Conservatory in The Hague. His mom, Johanna Justina Anschütz, was a pianist. Louis was the youngest of six youngsters, all of whom had been musical. (Two brothers additionally grew to become composers.)
From 1956-1962 he studied composition, music principle and piano at the conservatory, then traveled to each Milan and Berlin for superior research with Luciano Berio. While finding out in The Hague he met the guitarist Jeanette Yanikian who grew to become his companion. They married in 1996, and she or he died in 2008. Mr. Andriessen is survived by his second spouse, the violinist Monica Germino, whom he married in 2012 and for whom he wrote a number of works.
Beginning in 1966, Mr. Andriessen and a bunch of fellow Dutch musicians pushed for Amsterdam’s storied Concertgebouw Orchestra to have interaction extra vigorously with up to date music. In 1969, they led what grew to become referred to as the Nutcracker Action, when activists sabotaged a Concertgebouw efficiency with frog-shaped metallic clickers.
That yr he collaborated on an opera, “Reconstructie” (“Reconstruction”), which decries American imperialism because it pulls collectively numerous types, together with pop, jazz, Mozart pastiche and a talking refrain. A weeklong run of sold-out performances of the work pressured the Dutch tradition minister to defend the spending of taxpayer cash to finance what was referred to as anti-American agitprop.
From 1972 to 1976 Mr. Andriessen composed “De Staat,” a piece that may come to outline his mixture of mental rigor and brash sonic exuberance. In “De Tijd,” he performed with the listener’s notion of time by manipulating repetition and silence. The frantic, clanging “De Snelheid” (“Velocity”), composed within the early 1980s, investigated the notion of velocity and its relationship to concord.