Inside a Peyote Pilgrimage – The New York Times


Mario Bautista was digging relentlessly on the floor. Deep within the huge and unforgiving Chihuahuan Desert, in northeastern Mexico, he had spent practically eight hours wading via a seemingly limitless patch of thorny brush. Surrounding him had been 25 members of his group, together with his spouse and youngsters.

Everyone within the group was trying to find one factor: the psychedelic plant often called peyote, or hikuri — a small, squishy cactus camouflaged beneath the shrubbery.

Mario and people alongside him are members of the Mexican Huichol, or Wixárika, individuals, and hikuri is their lifeline. Whatever they discovered could be introduced again to their village to be used of their day by day spiritual rituals.

Spread throughout the rugged Sierra Madre Occidental vary, the Wixárika are an Indigenous individuals with an estimated inhabitants of 45,000. Within their tradition, peyote is excess of simply a hallucinogenic cactus. The Wixárika imagine that the plant permits them to attach with their ancestors and regenerates their souls.

Every 12 months, Wixárika communities make a a number of-hundred-mile pilgrimage to a sacred place known as Wirikuta, close to the northeastern metropolis of Matehuala. Groups journey — as of late by automotive, vehicles and buses — underneath the course of a main shaman, or maraka’ame.

Under Mexican legislation, solely Indigenous teams are licensed to reap and ingest peyote. But partly due to its increasing popularity as a recreational drug, the plant has become harder to find. If their holy lands continue to be threatened — by drug tourists, mining companies and farming encroachment — then a core aspect of the Wixárika’s identity will be in danger.

This past March, the photographer Matt Reichel and I were invited to join Mario and his family on their pilgrimage.

Pilgrims are divided into groups based on their ancestral family lands, and each group can only access a particular area within Wirikuta. They must also receive an initial blessing in their homeland before setting out on the journey; for Mario’s family, the blessing took place in Rancho La Tristeza, near the village of La Cebolleta, in the Mexican state of Nayarit.

The next day, the group embarked on the pilgrimage adorned in their traditional dress. The women wore vibrant colored, hand-sewn dresses. Scarves protected their hair from the sun.

The men wore white shirts and pants, with embroidered depictions of deer, peyote and other symbols. They also wore wide-brimmed hats with plumed feathers. One particular man, K’kame, the guardian of the community’s ancestral pavilion, was a visual splendor: His hat held more plumed feathers than those of other pilgrims, and he was chaotically energetic during all the rituals.

On the first night, the group settled into a sacred site off the side of a highway. The evening’s first ritual was a name-changing ceremony: The desert became the ocean; peyote became chayote squash. Name changing helps the pilgrims envision entering a new world.

The pilgrims also underwent a public confession around midnight, during which each person listed all their past and present sexual relationships. The names were then publicly read around the bonfire; the intention was to let go of the past.

Each of the relationships was tied as a knot on individual palm branches. The branches were then burned in the fire.

Throughout the trek, pilgrims made offerings at sacred sites — areas where their ancestors had found water during previous pilgrimages. Water was key to the offerings; pilgrims used feathers and candles to sprinkle water over the offerings, which included corn tortillas and coins.

Families congregated by the watering hole, where they chanted, sang and blessed one another. A fiddler played a joyful tune in the background.

After traveling overland for a week, we finally reached our area, known as Bernalejos.

“It is the largest church in the world,” Mario proclaimed as we stepped into the desert.

The families rested for a while, but there was no time to sleep. Instead, the pilgrims stayed up to sing and dance for a good harvest.

The morning of the harvest, families painted their faces with single yellow dots on both cheeks. Mariana, Mario’s wife, explained that the paintings symbolized the sun.

In a beautiful formation, the community marched into the morning sunlight with machetes and baskets. Everyone stayed together at first, but gradually the families spread apart.

The harvest took hours and became increasingly difficult as the sun grew less forgiving. The largest peyote patches sat beneath shrubs covered in thorns; reaching them was treacherous, particularly in the heat of the day, when the colors seemed to blend together.

Still, the hunt continued. Mario explained that they were collecting peyote not only for themselves, but also for family members who could not make the journey. During the forage, each family had gathered up to 150 crowns, after which the plants were dried and blessed.

Around sunset, we walked up a hill to make one final offering. Mario asked us to hold out our hands. He tapped our faces, and we ingested small pieces of the peyote. The plant was incredibly bitter. The families only ate a little, about the amount for a microdose, which was meant to facilitate calm reflection. That night, the group collapsed into a peaceful sleep, as if a spell had been cast over our camp.



Source link Nytimes.com

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