At the listening to this month, in accordance to two folks current on the hearings, Russia’s legal professionals argued that WADA had gone past affordable limits with its punishments, and even past what it legally may do inside the scope of its statutes.
WADA’s authorized group countered by describing its efforts as one thing akin to a bureaucratic housekeeping, an try to carry in-house — and standardize — the sanctioning powers that had been left to particular person sports activities federations.
But in addition they identified the dire penalties of failing to punish Russia for its actions. The nation had not solely undertaken a doping program that used state sources, together with the successor company to the Okay.G.B., to accomplish its objectives, the legal professionals stated, however it then used the identical forces in a cover-up its actions.
If WADA shouldn’t be allowed to police those that break its guidelines, the legal professionals argued, then will probably be rendered powerless to cease industrial-scale doping in world sports activities.
WADA declined to touch upon the listening to, or its authorized technique.
The sheer variety of pursuits represented on the listening to gave a touch on the stakes. A lawyer for the I.O.C., for instance, sought clarification on the ban on Russian authorities officers solely as a sensible matter. According to a lawyer representing one of many teams backing Russia’s trigger, the query was hypothetical however necessary: Might the I.O.C. face punishment if Russia’s president, Vladimir V. Putin, attended a significant competitors just like the Olympics as a visitor of the host nation’s head of state? Would different governing our bodies doubtlessly face the identical threat at different occasions?
Most of the events, although, appeared to be collaborating as a part of a present of pressure backing Russia’s case. In addition to the six athletes who made private pleas to the court docket, legal professionals representing 50 different Russian athletes argued on their behalf, saying it could be incorrect to punish them for the crimes of others.
Those emotional appeals for clemency have been adopted by one other from a longtime ally of Russian sports activities, ice hockey’s world governing physique. Throughout its years defending itself from the dishonest prices, Russia has at all times discovered a dependable backer in René Fasel, the International Ice Hockey Federation president. Fasel has lengthy argued in opposition to banning Russia’s colours and symbols from sporting occasions.