Mount Everest Empties as Covid-19 Strikes Tourism in Nepal

KATHMANDU, Nepal — Just final yr, Nepal attracted so many mountain climbers human site visitors jam of a whole bunch of mountaineers in puffy jackets snarled a path to the highest of Mount Everest.

The crowds had been proof of how briskly — too quick, some have mentioned — Nepal’s alpine tourism business had grown, turning into a lifeline for the nation. Last yr tourism introduced in greater than $2 billion to Nepal, one in all Asia’s poorest nations, and employed one million individuals, from porters to pilots.

The pandemic has stopped all of that.

The trails snaking by means of the Himalayas are abandoned, together with these main as much as Everest Base Camp. Fewer than 150 climbers have arrived this fall season, immigration officers mentioned, down from hundreds final yr.

Countless Sherpas and skilled mountain guides have been put out of labor, leaving many to plant barley or graze yaks throughout the empty slopes to outlive.

Many Nepalis worry that the mixed impact of the coronavirus and the hammer blow to the financial system might set this nation again for years.

“I often think I will die of hunger before corona kills me,” mentioned Upendra Lama, an out-of-work mountain porter who now depends on donations from a small help group to feed himself and his youngsters. “How long will this go on?”

As the economy ails, hospitals are filling up. Doctors say that the wealthy and the politically connected are monopolizing hospital beds, leaving the poor who get sick with nowhere to go.

“Our health system is weak, and the monitoring mechanism is even weaker,” said Dr. Rabindra Pandey, who works for Nepal Arogya Kendra, an independent organization of public health experts. “Well-connected and wealthy people can easily access private hospitals and afford their fees, but many of the poor are dying.”

With winter fast approaching and the Hindu festival season in full swing, public health experts warn that Nepal’s Covid-19 crisis is about to get worse. The country has reported around 175,000 infections, roughly the same rate per capita as India next door. And although its reported deaths remain fewer than 1,000, testing remains low and the consensus among Nepali doctors is that virus infections and deaths are many times higher.

The virus has reached its tentacles into rural areas and remote towns that just a few months ago had few or no reported cases. Government officials have been accused of exploiting the pandemic to make money. A parliamentary committee is looking into accusations that officials close to the prime minister, K.P. Sharma Oli, inflated prices of key medical supplies. The officials have denied the allegations.

In some areas, Covid-19 has cut through entire families.

Dharma Kumar Shrestha, an elderly man who ran a small business importing clothes, checked into a hospital in southern Nepal in late September to seek treatment for asthma, the beginning of a chain of events that killed nearly half his family. He caught Covid-19 in the hospital, family members said. Two of his sons who visited him then got infected.

With the hospitals filling up, and the authorities ordering people to recover at home, the sons went back to their village. They got sicker. When one called for an ambulance, the driver refused, afraid of getting sick himself.

Within two weeks, Mr. Dharma and two sons had died.

“What could be worse news than this?” asked Suman Shrestha, a younger relative. “Let’s pray no one else has to face our fate.”

Tourism officials expect that at least 800,000 people employed in the tourism industry will lose their jobs. Among the first to go, officials said, will be the 50,000 or so high-altitude guides, Sherpas and others in the trekking ecosystem. Some have started protesting on the streets of Kathmandu, urging the government to give them loans to help feed their families and threatening to vandalize the tourism board’s office if they get no relief.

“Guides, once known as the real agents of tourism, have been left in the lurch,” said Prakash Rai, a climbing guide who participated in the recent protests. “We have no means to survive this crisis.”

Not long ago, some people inside and outside the country were saying that Nepal’s tourism industry had spun out of control. Nepal was so eager to welcome climbers, these critics said, that the Everest scene had become unruly and dangerous.

Despite the rise in Covid-19 cases, other parts of the economy, like manufacturing, are trying to sputter back to life, and some schools have reopened. Travel restrictions imposed this spring and summer have been eased. A mass exodus has begun from the cities to far-flung villages as Nepalis head home to celebrate the Hindu holidays of Dashain and Tihar.

Yet such movement is bypassing tourist areas.

Pokhara, a beautiful lakeside city in the center of the country, has become a ghost town. At this time last year, it teemed with trekkers.

But as Baibob Poudel, a Pokhara hotelier, said, “I haven’t seen a single foreigner here since April.”

Bhadra Sharma reported from Kathmandu, and Jeffrey Gettleman from New Delhi.

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