Mikis Theodorakis, Greek Composer and Marxist Rebel, Dies at 96

The European authorities informed Greece it was violating its treaty on human rights and known as on the junta to finish torture, launch political prisoners and maintain free elections. The colonels rejected the enchantment, however they launched Mr. Theodorakis and despatched him and his household into exile in Paris, the place he was hospitalized and handled for tuberculosis.

Three months later, he performed the London Symphony Orchestra in his triumphant “March of the Spirit.” The crowd’s feelings spilled over. “It was as if Zorba himself were conducting,” Newsweek wrote at the time. “When it ended, the audience wouldn’t let him leave; prolonged applause, cheers, stamping feet and rhythmic cries of ‘Theodorakis! Theodorakis!’ brought him back five times.”

The live performance started Mr. Theodorakis’s four-year marketing campaign for a peaceable overthrow of the junta. Touring the world, he gave live shows on each continent to lift funds for the reason for Greek democracy. He gained help from cultural and political leaders. In Chile, he met the nation’s Marxist president, Salvador Allende, and the poet Pablo Neruda. He later composed actions to Neruda’s “Canto General,” his historical past of the New World from a Hispanic perspective.

He was obtained by President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia, the Palestinian chief Yasir Arafat and President François Mitterrand of France. The Swedish chief Olof Palme, the West German chancellor Willy Brandt and his previous good friend Melina Mercouri, the actress who had turn into the Greek minister of tradition, pledged assist. Artists and writers around the globe grew to become his allies.

By 1973, dealing with worldwide stress and a stressed civilian inhabitants, the junta’s maintain was shaky. A pupil rebellion in Athens escalated into open revolt. Hundreds of civilians had been injured, some fatally, in clashes with troops. Colonel Papadopoulos was ousted, and martial legislation was imposed by a brand new hard-liner. In 1974, the junta collapsed when senior navy officers withdrew their help.

Within days, Mr. Theodorakis returned dwelling in triumph, welcomed by giant crowds, his music taking part in continually on the radio. “My joy now is the same that I felt waiting in a cell to be tortured,” he mentioned. “It was all part of the same struggle.”

Source link Nytimes.com

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